VOCABULARY: “backronym” — the word was picked first, then an acronym written to fit it

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

http://www.rd.com/culture/common-acronyms/

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The USA PATRIOT Act stands for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (seriously). Linguists call this a “backronym”—the word “Patriot” was likely picked first, then an acronym written to fit it.

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VOCABULARY: Fiancé vs. Fiancée?

Sunday, July 9, 2017

http://blog.dictionary.com/fiance-vs-fiancee/

Fiancé vs. Fiancée
June 24, 2015 by: Dictionary.com

Much debate and change surrounds the terms fiancé and fiancée in the recent past. English speakers borrowed these gendered terms from the French in the mid-19th century, importing both the masculine (fiancé) and feminine (fiancée). This term ultimately derives from Latin, fidare literally meaning “to trust,” combined with the suffix -ance, which is used to form nouns from existing verbs.

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I became aware of this “controversy” when I tried to put “fiancée” in the “accented words” folder of my TextExpander utility. It wouldn’t even let me make my own. Hence I investigate this “error”.

So I am a “fiancé” and AMH is my “fiancée”.

Laugh!

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VOCABULARY: “MEMCON”

Saturday, July 8, 2017

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memorandum_of_conversation

I found this in “Bugle Blast”. Never heard of it before. I’d call it CYA.

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VOCABULARY: “doublethink”

Friday, July 7, 2017

Dictionary.com Word of the Day  JUNE 25, 2017 

doublethink [duhb-uh l-thingk] 1. the acceptance of two contradictory ideas or beliefs at the same time.

QUOTES

Doublethink lies at the very heart of Ingsoc, since the essential act of the Party is to use conscious deception while retaining the firmness of purpose that goes with complete honesty. To tell deliberate lies while genuinely believing in them, to forget any fact that has become inconvenient, and then, when it becomes necessary again to draw it back from oblivion for just so long as it is needed, to deny the existence of objective reality and all the while to take account of the reality which one denies …

— George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-four, 1949

ORIGIN

Doublesthink comes from George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-four (also 1984), published in 1949. It appears alongside Orwell’s other neologisms thoughtcrime and duckspeak. Doublethink, has a more sinister meaning than the relatively innocuous doubletalk, which appeared in the late 1930s and referred at first to the kind of speech that Casey Stengel (1891–1975) was famous for, and later to jargon or pompous language. Doublethink entered English in the second half of the 20th century.

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Hard to imagine that this is possible but we see it today in both “politics” and the “media”.

Current example is the D’s complaining to the TV about the R’s “secret healthcare plan”, while “conveniently forgetting” that they did the same thing to pass Obamacare!

Argh!

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VOCABULARY: “Stray Dog Attacks”

Monday, July 3, 2017

FROM THE WSJ

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The Lone Wolf and the Stray Dog 

Two botched attacks in Europe in recent days signal that Islamist terror has entered a new phase, security officials say, one that is more disorganized and less sophisticated but risks spawning more attackers determined to kill using any means at their disposal. Because of a lack of direct training and know-how, many of this new breed of assailant fail. Still, the absence of a connection to terror networks makes it difficult for intelligence services to track these individuals, and their often unsophisticated weapons—such as knives or cars—are easy to obtain. So authorities fear the attacks will increase. “We may be entering an era not of lone wolf, but stray dog attacks,” said one Western security official. The changing nature of the attacks also reflects improved security in Europe, but officials warn it would be reckless to underestimate the continuing threat of extremist groups.

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An armed citizenry is need to defeat this particular type of attack.

“To be prepared for war is one of the most effective means of preserving peace.” – George Washington quotes from BrainyQuote.com

The USA, in the Red States, is more likely to be secure.

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VOCABULARY: “Clean Shares” in Mutual Funds

Monday, June 5, 2017

 

WSJ Wealth Adviser Briefing: Clean Shares
By Brian Hershberg
May 30, 2017 5:30 am ET

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With the fiduciary rule set to take effect June 9, WSJ Wealth Adviser’s Daisy Maxey took a look at a new type of mutual-fund share that stands to gain traction.

These “clean shares” charge only the fee to manage and operate a mutual fund, and don’t include payments to distributors, such as the broker-dealers and retirement-plan platforms that sell the funds. Stripped from clean shares are fees to compensate brokers for providing advice and 12b-1 fees, which pay for marketing, printing and prospectuses and other shareholder services.

As it is today, investors who buy class A shares of a mutual fund through a broker, for example, typically pay a sales charge that may range from 2.25% to 5.75%, according to Morningstar Inc. It’s easy for investors to overlook that payment to the broker because it’s bundled in with cost of the fund’s management, and the fund company passes it onto the distributor.

With clean shares, investors will likely pay 60% to 70% less to buy a fund, says Paul Ellenbogen, head of global regulatory solutions at Morningstar. If they want a broker’s advice, however, they would have to pay for that separately

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Seems like a great idea.

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VOCABULARY: “Tainted Leaks”

Sunday, June 4, 2017

https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2017/05/tainted_leaks.html

Schneier on Security
Tainted Leaks

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This report describes an extensive Russia-linked phishing and disinformation campaign. It provides evidence of how documents stolen from a prominent journalist and critic of Russia was tampered with and then “leaked” to achieve specific propaganda aims. We name this technique “tainted leaks.” The report illustrates how the twin strategies of phishing and tainted leaks are sometimes used in combination to infiltrate civil society targets, and to seed mistrust and disinformation. It also illustrates how domestic considerations, specifically concerns about regime security, can motivate espionage operations, particularly those targeting civil society.

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NOW, this is something to be concerned about.

It’s going to make “leaks” harder to determine and authenticate.

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