INTERESTING: History is unreliable; the further back in history we go, the more unreliable it is
The Past, Present and Future of Gold
Posted on February 16, 2023

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A few things about history have to be said before delving deep into it. We’ll avoid Napoleon’s quote and instead say that history should be taken with a grain of salt. And we generally have a worse idea of what transpired the further we go back, especially when talking centuries.

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This really casts doubt on everything we think we “know” as history.  What is a metric for the degradation in “history”?  Is it 1% per year or 5%?  Or does it vary with the topic being remembered?



INTERESTING: Why do cows align the way they do?

Grazing Cows Naturally Align Themselves With?

The North Star, The Wind, The Sun, The Magnetic Poles


Cows grazing, oriented North along the Earth’s North/South magnetic axis.

Answer: The Magnetic Poles

They might not be known the world over as the brightest creatures, but cows sure know how to keep an organized herd. Whether you’re watching a grazing herd in North Dakota or New Zealand, there’s one thing cows excel at: orienting themselves, en masse, along the axis of magnetic North/South.

Although scientists don’t have a definitive answer as to why cows align themselves with the magnetosphere, there are several theories: it coordinates movement among herd members, facilitates escape from a predator, ensures herd members are grazing the land efficiently by moving in the same direction together, and it may help the cows better map out their physical environment if they consistently orient themselves in the same direction.

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How little we understand the physical world we live in.  “Grazing efficiently” seems correct but it’s by no means factual.

I continue to be amazed at “factoids” that have no explanations.

We know so little.


INTERESTING: Svingerudsteinen rune pushes known history backby hundreds of years

‘Sensational’ Runestone Discovered in Norway With Mysterious Inscription–May Be World’s Oldest
By Andy Corbley – Jan 31, 2023 

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A runestone was discovered in Norway recently that jumps back the origin date of runic writing by hundreds of years to a time before the fall of Rome.

Based on carbon-dated organic remains, the reddish-brown sandstone block may have been carved as far back as 250 to 1 CE—making it the oldest ever found.

Most runestones are named based on the location they were discovered, and this one is called the “Svingerudsteinen,” or “the Svingerud Stone.”

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Runologists like Zilmer don’t have a large body of reference, as only 30 or so stones have been found with inscriptions dating from the 6th century or earlier.

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Amazing about how little we know about human history.  Here’s some messages from the past (obits) that are cryptic bits.

What all did these people know that is lost in “history”.


INTERESTING: THis “genius” carried is cell phone and made the job easy!

News: university of idaho murders
Idaho murders: All the ‘amateur’ mistakes that led cops to arrest Bryan Kohberger
By Olivia Land 
January 12, 2023 7:17am Updated

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Cellphone records

According to an arrest affidavit released Jan. 9, Kohberger’s many mistakes began months before the killings, when he failed to turn his cellphone off while allegedly surveilling the victims’ King Road home.

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It’s interesting how many crimes are being solved with cell phone records.  

Throw in some DNA and genealogy to sew things up.

If this fellow is a “genius”, then we need smarter ones.  

I still haven’t heard the motive and look forward to an insanity defense where he claims schizophrenia and “voices”.

Lock him up and throw away the key.



INTERESTING: Where does it all begin?

Starts With A Bang — December 22, 2022
The 4 fundamental meanings of “nothing” in science

  • All the things that surround and compose us didn’t always exist. But describing their origin depends on what ‘nothing’ means.
  • Most of us, when we talk about nothing, refer to a state where the thing we’re referring to doesn’t yet exist.
  • But absolute nothingness, where space, time, and/or the laws of physics don’t exist, is only a philosophical construct, without physical meaning. Does the Universe truly create something from nothing?
  • That depends on what your definition of nothing is, and which of the four definitions you’re using. 

Ethan Siegel

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In the context of physics, this creates a problem: we cannot make any sense of this sort of nothingness. We’d be compelled to assume that there is such a thing as a state that can exist outside of space and time, and that spacetime itself, as well as the rules that govern all of the physical entities we know of, can then emerge from this hypothesized, idealized state.

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Here’s a head scratcher.  If it doesn’t give you pause, then I guess I am just going down the rabbit hole.

Four different definitions of “nothingness” are puzzling.

At best, we’ll never know “the answer”.


INTERESTING: Maybe Patton wasn’t everything he was made out to be?

The German View of Patton
Henrik Bering on Fighting Patton: George S. Patton Jr. Through the Eyes of His Enemies by Harry Yeide
Wednesday, February 1, 2012

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On Patton’s performance in Lorraine, Ellis gets caustic:

“Here is the story of the Normandy campaign in a nutshell. Acute German shortages on the one hand, and on the other an Allied cornucopia which could provide an overwhelming level of firepower and a remorseless stream of replacements that could compensate for the grossest tactical bêtise. Add skilled public relations and a press hungry for heroes, and you had the circumstance so propitious that even Montgomery and Patton could seem like great commanders.”

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Found this interesting since most of my old relatives thought highly of him,


INTERESTING: A crab annual migration that sparks traffic jams

Incredible moment tens of MILLIONS of red crabs march across a remote island – in annual migration that sparks traffic jams every year

  • Millions of red crabs have begun their annual migration across Christmas Island
  • More then 65 million crabs will trek 20km from the forests to the ocean to breed
  • The population has grown substantially due to the suppression of invasive ants

By Jesse Hyland and Olivia Day For Daily Mail Australia

Published: 20:25 EDT, 30 October 2022 | Updated: 21:56 EDT, 30 October 2022

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A sea of red has washed over picturesque Christmas Island – as tens of millions of red crabs march from the rainforests to the coast to breed.

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How do the crabs know the calendar, phase of the moon, and high tide?

I love the “flyover bridge” that was constructed for their use.

And the signboard that tells drivers what roads are closed do to the migration.

Amazing that humans would allow themselves to be inconvenienced by nature.

Demonstrates how little we know and how out of tune we are with the world.


INTERESTING: Where is Africa, Europe, South America, and the USA actually?

Some common geographic mental misplacements
John Nelson

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So what are some tantalizing locational mistakes that seemingly come pre-installed in American students’ minds that geography teachers wrestle to overcome?

So glad you asked! Here is a cherry-picked handful of examples that we’ll dive into…

  • The northiness of Africa
  • The northiness of Europe
  • The eastiness of South America

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I think I knew these but it was good to get a feel for EXACTLY where these places are.

How does your mental map square with reality?


INTERESTING: How fast is gravity, exactly? Fast enough to make my head hurt thinking about it.

Hard Science — October 24, 2022
How fast is gravity, exactly?

  • Thanks to observations of gravitational waves, scientists were able to settle a longstanding debate over the speed of gravity.

Key Takeaways

  • Throughout history, scientists have proposed many answers for the exact speed of gravity.
  • Broadly speaking, the two main propositions have been that gravity is either infinitely fast or as fast as the speed of the light.
  • Thanks to observations of gravitational waves recorded in 2017, we now know that gravity and light travel at the same speed.

Don Lincoln

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While gravitational radiation was predicted back in 1916, it took scientists nearly a century to develop the technology to detect it. To detect these distortions, scientists take two tubes, each about 2.5 miles (4 kilometers) long, and orient them at 90 degrees, so they form an “L.” They then use a combination of mirrors and lasers to measure the length of both of the legs. Gravitational radiation will change the length of the two tubes differently, and if they see the right pattern of changes of length, they have observed gravitational waves.

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So, that’s the answer. Gravity and light travel at the same speed, determined by a precise measurement. It validates Einstein once again, and it hints at something profound about the nature of space. Scientists hope one day to fully understand why these two very different phenomena have identical speeds.

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Not only do I NOT understand the point that they are making. It gives me a headache to read about it. YMMV, but all the same very interesting.


INTERESTING: Can humans hibernate?

Chasing Ghosts: Unlocking the Mysteries of Human Hibernation

A multiyear search attempts to explain one of the most extreme, and baffling, cases of human survival.

Jackson Ryan
July 5 2022 at 5:00 a.m. PT

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Mount Rokkō towers over the Japanese city of Kobe, a landscape of rolling hills complete with hiking trails and an unparalleled view of Osaka Bay. Every year, the 3,000-foot-high peak becomes awash with the red, yellow and orange leaves of fall, making it a popular destination for barbecues and youthful revelry.

In October 2006, Rokkō provided the perfect place for Mitsutaka Uchikoshi, a 35-year-old civil servant, to go picnicking with a group of friends. After a day spent sharing food and stories near the peak, Uchikoshi’s friends decided to take the cable car back to Rokkō’s base and head home. Uchikoshi chose to hike down one of the mountain paths alone.

Then he disappeared.

On his way down, Uchikoshi lost his footing, causing him to slip, knock his head and break his pelvis. Unable to move or call for help, he lay wounded on the side of the mountain. At night the autumn cold, dropping as low as 50 degrees Fahrenheit, crept into his bones. He passed out.

After 24 days, he was found by a passing climber and transferred to Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital. He was extremely hypothermic and cold to the touch. Many of his organs were failing. According to news reports at the time, Uchikoshi’s doctors reasoned he had fallen into a state “similar to hibernation,” just like a groundhog might.

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Uchikoshi’s hibernation had become a holy grail, but it seemed like he’d become a ghost. Chasing that ghost first led me to zombies.

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Fascinating article about what might be possible.


INTERESTING: Another question to ask about a future residence

Comcast-less in Seattle —
Jon Brodkin – 6/29/2022, 7:30 AM
Couple bought home in Seattle, then learned Comcast Internet would cost $27,000

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When Zachary Cohn and his wife bought a house in the Northgate neighborhood of Seattle, Washington, they didn’t expect any trouble getting home Internet service. It was only after closing on the house in July 2019 that they learned the bad news. “All six neighbors I share a property line with are wired for Comcast, but our house never was,” Cohn told Ars.

Comcast’s predecessor company had wired up the neighborhood with cable decades earlier and the ISP provides high-speed broadband to the abutting properties. But the cable TV and Internet service provider never extended a line to the house purchased by Cohn and his wife, Lauryl Zenobi.

Cohn spent many months trying to get answers from Comcast on how he and Zenobi could get Internet service. Eventually, he contacted his City Councillor’s office, which was able to get a real response from Comcast.

Comcast ultimately said it would require installing 181 feet of underground cable to connect the house and that the couple would have to pay Comcast over $27,000 to make that happen. Cohn and Zenobi did not pay the $27,000, and they’ve been relying on a 4G hotspot ever since.

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Not our first Comcast horror story

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Maybe the Comcast web site should not have said “available”?


INTERESTING: One account for inbound funds?

LPT: Have two Checking Accounts


I recommend this to all my friends for it has saved me from A LOT of fraudulent activities. Open two bank accounts within the same bank. One account you can link to others to pay bills, transfer funds, etc. The other one should be set up with your Direct Deposit. The sole purpose of this account is to receive funds and send it to the other checking account for bills. Essentially think about it as one way in, one way out. Put that debit card in a safe or shred it. You’ll use this account for internal transfers only. Only put what your expenses are going to be in that account. If your card gets stolen, fine, they just stole $20. etc.

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I really like this idea.

I’m not sure if you can two free accounts but it is absolutely a great idea for inbound money.


INTERESTING: Mother Nature always outsmarts humans

State-funded BYU study finds elk move when hunting season starts — and it’s causing problems
By Todd Hollingshead, February 16, 2022

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Utah’s DWR was hearing that hunters weren’t finding elk during hunting season. They also heard from private landowners that elk were eating them out of house and home. So they commissioned a study. Turns out the elk were leaving public lands when hunting season started and hiding on private land.

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This is pretty funny.

It’s like elephants evolving to have shorter tusks in response to poachers.


INTERESTING: Modern Disaster Movies

The 8 Best Modern Disaster Movies That’ll Have You on Edge
Most disaster movies have a bad rap for excessively mindless action. These modern disaster movies show that they can be incredible.
FEB 9, 2022

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Nothing thrills in quite the same way as a good disaster film, able to keep you on edge for the entire runtime as it ratchets up your anxiety and fear and tension to levels that get your palms drenched.

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I’ve only seen “The Martian”.  It was good but I wasn’t scared or really involved. 

Have to see the others on the list.


INTERESTING: Red Plastic Can Boost Yields

Covering Crops in Red Plastic Can Boost Yields Up to 37 Percent
By  Andy Corbley – Feb 22, 202

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For centuries, humans have used greenhouses to help plants grow outside of tolerable conditions. Now, as it turns out, it might be much better if instead of greenhouses, we built redhouses.

The red spectrum of light stimulates the leaves of plants to produce more chlorophyll, and an Australian ag-startup is wielding this basic science to create thick red films to cover existing greenhouses in order to boost plant production beyond what either the sun, or greenhouses are capable of.

Luminescent-Light Emitting Agriculture Films, or “LLEAF” was founded by scientists from a partnership between the Universities of New South Wales and Western Sydney.

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I wonder if this can be done at scale?


INTERESTING: Never underestimate “Mother Nature”!

A new tundra, engineered by beavers
Once nonexistent in northwest Alaska, beavers are both benefiting from and changing a warming tundra.
Kylie Mohr Feb. 17, 2022

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Selawik, about 80 miles to the east, is a beaver hotspot, too, and some are upset that the animals are blocking hunting access by boat. “Elders said to start getting rid of the beavers, but nobody listened, and now it’s overpopulated,” said Ralph Ramoth Jr. (Inupiaq), a subsistence hunter who also works for the local airport and his town’s road, water and sewer department. Lodges up to 15 feet tall make navigating sloughs to hunt moose on the periphery challenging. “You can’t even go some places now with a boat, because it’s dammed up,” Ramoth said. Sometimes he tries to chip away at beavers’ handiwork, with little success. “If you tear up part of a dam or a beaver igloo, they’ll come right back and fix it up again,” he said. “They’re just busy beavers.” 

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Nature abhors a vacuum?  Of course, the critters are going to expand and fill up any suitable range. And, there’s not a lot us humans can do. 

Aren’t we sort of like those beavers and expanding our “range” across the globe and eventurally the known universe?

Don’t some “greenies” view humans as the scourge of Mother Earth?

I’d be willing to be if that class of human parasites called Gooferment didn’t keep us down and monopolize “space travel” by force, humans would all ready be living on all the planets of “our” solar system.  And be pushing the boundaries of space exploration to the far away stars.

Watch out aliens — if there are such — I think there’s a good chance there are — we coming for you.  It’s our “manifest destiny”.

“Be fruitful and multiply is NOT just a Bible verse.  It’s in our DNA.

Ad Astra.  

As well as a bunch of other mottos — ad astra per aspera, etc. etc.  And my personal favorite — ad astra per alas porci!


INTERESTING: “political puritans” aka “yankee” like a contemporary “Karen”

The Brion McClanahan Show
By The Brion McClanahan Show
The Brion McClanahan Show discusses history, politics, and society with the slogan, “Think Locally, Act Locally.”

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A Yankee is a peculiar type of American that was born and bred in New England in the 17th century but that eventually found his way into virtually every part of the United States, and like a horde of locusts, he plunders and consumes everything he deems unholy.

The Yankee is always concerned that someone, somewhere is doing something he doesn’t like and it is his goal to ensure that stops.

This originated in Puritan theology and has been secularized in the modern age. That is why I have termed the new left the “political puritans.”

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Yup, it certainly seems that no one can MYOB.  

FMPOV, I don’t want my face rubbed in whatever you’re doing.  If I don’t feel that whatever you’re doing will impact my life, I really don’t care.  And most of all I don’t want to pay for whatever you’re doing. Hence why I really don’t like politicians and bureaucrats.

I guess I’m not a “Yankee” or a “Karen”. 

Live and let live.  MYOB.  AND, most of all, blessed are the Peacemakers. 



INTERESTING: Charlotte man pleads guilty to stealing $273,000 in goods while working for Amazon – WSOC TV

Charlotte man pleads guilty to stealing $273,000 in goods while working for Amazon – WSOC TV
January 28, 2022 at 1:45 pm ESTBy News Staff

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CHARLOTTE — A former manager at an Amazon warehouse in Charlotte stole more than $273,000 in merchandise during a 15 month span, according to a release from the U.S. Attorney’s office for the Western District of North Carolina. On Friday, he pleaded guilty to his crime.

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So the IT system doesn’t know employee’s home addresses?

Seems like an obvious check ‘n’ balance.


INSPIRATIONAL: Chiefs-Bills shows why NFL must change unfair overtime rule

Chiefs-Bills shows why NFL must change unfair overtime rule

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Initial thought was to disagree, like what to do? Like the colleges? Nah. Plus the games are too long as it is. But on second thought, maybe “just” for the playoffs change the rules? Open to suggestions. It is “win or go home” time!

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Well I can think of at least three “rules” that could have a “better” way:

(1)  Current rules, but both teams get to possess the ball equally.

(1a)  Bills should get a possession to score a touchdown too. And, that continues until someone “loses”.

(1b) Less preferred, the Bills are guaranteed only one possession.

(2) Even less preferred, the team, that scores a certain number first in regular play, wins.

(3) Most less preferred, the team, that scores the tying number in regular play, wins.


INTERESTING: Why are some “invincible”?

These ‘invincibles’ have never had COVID — and they want to know why
By Alyson Krueger
January 13, 2022 6:34am  Updated

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As COVID cases explode across the US with 62.8 million total reported since 2020, and almost eight million since Jan. 1, 2022 — and even fully vaccinated people reporting breakthrough cases — it seems as if almost no one has been left untouched by the Sars-Cov-2 virus. But like McMullin, there are some who have failed to contract COVID during the entire pandemic, even as Omicron spreads like wildfire.

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Why aren’t we hearing more about these people — what do they eat, what shape are they in, where do they “fit” chemically?

I’ve been convinced for a long time that the “experts” don’t know squat about this.

And the Gooferment politicians and bureaucrats know even less.

One thing is for sure, I KNOW that they don’t have MY best interests at heart.



INTERESTING: Mama dolphin smack the leader of a human diving group?

Among the most compelling anecdotes suggesting that dolphins have concepts of ‘wrong’ behavior is Thomas White’s description of how a human snorkeler observing Atlantic spotted dolphins off the Bahamas went outside the bounds of the norms of behavior expected by the dolphins of human observers at that site. The swimmer approached a calf engaged in learning to fish with its mother, a no-no in the rules of engagement between swimmers and these dolphins built up over years. When this happened, the mother then swam not to the hapless trespasser but to the leader of the group of swimmers, whom she could identify, and tail-slapped, her displeasure apparently directed at the leader who had not controlled the behavior of those being led.

— Hal Whitehead and Luke Rendell, The Cultural Lives of Whales and Dolphins, 2015

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Nearly human?  Maybe better than human.  The was some humans act in traffic, for sure.


INTERESTING: Who discovered the Pythagorean theorem first?


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As early as the 1st century B.C., the Chinese text Zhou Bi Suan Jing reflected the reasoning of the Pythagorean theorem, showing how to find the hypotenuse of the 3-4-5 triangle. 

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In Mathematics and the Aesthetic (2007), Nathalie Sinclair writes, “The Chinese diagram … is the same as one given by the twelfth-century Indian scholar Bhaskara, whose one-word injunction Behold! recorded his sense of awe.”

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Hey, we was taught it’s the Pythagorean formula.  But it seems that some Babylonians may have preceded the Greeks and Indians (from India).  Maybe the Chinese found it first?


INTERESTING: Are humans like these Deer In The Czech Republic Have Migration Patterns Guided By Memories Of?

Deer In The Czech Republic Have Migration Patterns Guided By Memories Of?
Fault Lines
Medieval Trade Routes
The Iron Curtain
Abandoned Logging Roads

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Answer: The Iron Curtain

Researchers tracking the movement of red deer in the Czech Republic discovered something rather curious. Despite the physical ability to travel freely wherever they wished, the deer’s travel routes never crossed the border between the Czech Republic and Germany.

The deer have no political motivation in avoiding international travel, but instead are obeying what amounts to a set of rules passed down, generationally, from doe to fawn. During the Cold War, the entire border between the Czech Republic and West Germany was fenced off with parallel electrified fences and patrolled by armed guards. Crossing the border was a death sentence for the deer and they learned to avoid the entire length of it.

Young red deer spend roughly a year with their mother after birth and it turns out that red deer mothers have, for generations now, been teaching their young to avoid the border. At this point, they could easily cross the border without worry, but the habit is ingrained and although the deer can’t communicate why the area is dangerous to each other, they learn by behavior and avoid it for the rest of their lives—passing the border avoidance on to their offspring.

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Rule of thumb

How many ingrained habits do we humans have?  Lessons aka “rules of thumb” called, in fancy language heuristics, can lead us astray when they no longer apply (i.e., the universe change making them erroneous, obsolete, or if we are lucky just a quaint oddity. We get them from our ancestors or other human beings.

A heuristic is a mental shortcut that allows an individual to make a decision, pass judgment, or solve a problem quickly and with minimal mental effort. While heuristics can reduce the burden of decision-making and free up limited cognitive resources, they can also be costly when they lead individuals to miss critical information or act on unjust biases.

Sometimes, it can be quaint when one of those “rules” is observed in the real world that just makes no sense (i.e., “the man should walk on the left side of a woman” so should he need to draw his sword she’d be safe).  But other times, to just dangerous to ignore (i.e., the safe following distance when driving).

In any event, this story reminds me about how they train elephants to be bound by a thin leg rope.  The elephant is conditioned that they can not escape.

How many limiting beliefs do we have?

How many do I have?

What can’t be seen?


INTERESTING: Donate Your Body to Science

Everything You’ve Ever Wanted to Know About Donating Your Body to Science

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“I’d much rather be used for medical research than be buried,” Poulakos, 64, tells Mental Floss. “We’re not going to be using our bodies anymore anyway, so they might as well use it for whatever they need.”

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These deceased donors help to save lives. Medical students dissect cadavers to learn about anatomy. Researchers use them to study diseases like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. Surgeons use corpses to refine new procedures like face transplants. And cadavers have even aided the advancement of surgical robots.

Yet corpses can be hard to come by: An estimated 20,000 Americans donate their bodies to science each year, which equates to less than 1 percent of the 2.7 million Americans who die annually. Put simply, the demand is far greater than the supply.

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I feel the same way.  I’ve instructed my primary survivor (i.e., POS, HAP, AD) when she pulls the plug to do this but she thinks it “gross”. I hope she will.

It seems such a waste to bury spare parts.  And, if it can’t be used for parts, at least let the med students practice.

If I can’t do anything else right for humanity, I can do this.